Tipos MIME (MIME Type)

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El tipo Mime es un estandar que clasifica recursos y provee información a programas acerca de cómo manejarlos. Esto permite a los navegadores abrir correctamente un archivo .txt como un recurso de texto plano y no como un archivo de video o algún otro tipo. Cuando un tipo MIME no es especificado para un recurso, el programa que lo procese puede “suponer” su tipo por la extensión del recurso (por ejemplo, un archivo .bmp supone contener una imagen de mapa de bits). Se recomienda proveer información sobre tipos MIME en todos los lugares en que sea posible hacerlo (atributo type en tag HTML script y tag HTML link, atributo enctype para el tag HTML form y en el tag HTML meta cuando se define el content-type del documento). Esto puede ayudar a lograr una mayor compatibilidad con los navegadores y al correcto funcionamiento del documento en sí.

Aquí os dejo los tipos mime más utilizados:


file type  	MIME type
ai 	application/postscript
aif 	audio/x-aiff
aifc 	audio/x-aiff
aiff 	audio/x-aiff
asc 	text/plain
atom 	application/atom+xml
au 	audio/basic
avi 	video/x-msvideo
bcpio 	application/x-bcpio
bin 	application/octet-stream
bmp 	image/bmp
cdf 	application/x-netcdf
cgm 	image/cgm
class 	application/octet-stream
cpio 	application/x-cpio
cpt 	application/mac-compactpro
csh 	application/x-csh
css 	text/css
dcr 	application/x-director
dif 	video/x-dv
dir 	application/x-director
djv 	image/vnd.djvu
djvu 	image/vnd.djvu
dll 	application/octet-stream
dmg 	application/octet-stream
dms 	application/octet-stream
doc 	application/msword
dtd 	application/xml-dtd
dv 	video/x-dv
dvi 	application/x-dvi
dxr 	application/x-director
eps 	application/postscript
etx 	text/x-setext
exe 	application/octet-stream
ez 	application/andrew-inset
gif 	image/gif
gram 	application/srgs
grxml 	application/srgs+xml
gtar 	application/x-gtar
hdf 	application/x-hdf
hqx 	application/mac-binhex40
htm 	text/html
html 	text/html
ice 	x-conference/x-cooltalk
ico 	image/x-icon
ics 	text/calendar
ief 	image/ief
ifb 	text/calendar
iges 	model/iges
igs 	model/iges
jnlp 	application/x-java-jnlp-file
jp2 	image/jp2
jpe 	image/jpeg
jpeg 	image/jpeg
jpg 	image/jpeg
js 	application/x-javascript
kar 	audio/midi
latex 	application/x-latex
lha 	application/octet-stream
lzh 	application/octet-stream
m3u 	audio/x-mpegurl
m4a 	audio/mp4a-latm
m4b 	audio/mp4a-latm
m4p 	audio/mp4a-latm
m4u 	video/vnd.mpegurl
m4v 	video/x-m4v
mac 	image/x-macpaint
man 	application/x-troff-man
mathml 	application/mathml+xml
me 	application/x-troff-me
mesh 	model/mesh
mid 	audio/midi
midi 	audio/midi
mif 	application/vnd.mif
mov 	video/quicktime
movie 	video/x-sgi-movie
mp2 	audio/mpeg
mp3 	audio/mpeg
mp4 	video/mp4
mpe 	video/mpeg
mpeg 	video/mpeg
mpg 	video/mpeg
mpga 	audio/mpeg
ms 	application/x-troff-ms
msh 	model/mesh
mxu 	video/vnd.mpegurl
nc 	application/x-netcdf
oda 	application/oda
ogg 	application/ogg
pbm 	image/x-portable-bitmap
pct 	image/pict
pdb 	chemical/x-pdb
pdf 	application/pdf
pgm 	image/x-portable-graymap
pgn 	application/x-chess-pgn
pic 	image/pict
pict 	image/pict
png 	image/png
pnm 	image/x-portable-anymap
pnt 	image/x-macpaint
pntg 	image/x-macpaint
ppm 	image/x-portable-pixmap
ppt 	application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
ps 	application/postscript
qt 	video/quicktime
qti 	image/x-quicktime
qtif 	image/x-quicktime
ra 	audio/x-pn-realaudio
ram 	audio/x-pn-realaudio
ras 	image/x-cmu-raster
rdf 	application/rdf+xml
rgb 	image/x-rgb
rm 	application/vnd.rn-realmedia
roff 	application/x-troff
rtf 	text/rtf
rtx 	text/richtext
sgm 	text/sgml
sgml 	text/sgml
sh 	application/x-sh
shar 	application/x-shar
silo 	model/mesh
sit 	application/x-stuffit
skd 	application/x-koan
skm 	application/x-koan
skp 	application/x-koan
skt 	application/x-koan
smi 	application/smil
smil 	application/smil
snd 	audio/basic
so 	application/octet-stream
spl 	application/x-futuresplash
src 	application/x-wais-source
sv4cpio 	application/x-sv4cpio
sv4crc 	application/x-sv4crc
svg 	image/svg+xml
swf 	application/x-shockwave-flash
t 	application/x-troff
tar 	application/x-tar
tcl 	application/x-tcl
tex 	application/x-tex
texi 	application/x-texinfo
texinfo 	application/x-texinfo
tif 	image/tiff
tiff 	image/tiff
tr 	application/x-troff
tsv 	text/tab-separated-values
txt 	text/plain
ustar 	application/x-ustar
vcd 	application/x-cdlink
vrml 	model/vrml
vxml 	application/voicexml+xml
wav 	audio/x-wav
wbmp 	image/vnd.wap.wbmp
wbmxl 	application/vnd.wap.wbxml
wml 	text/vnd.wap.wml
wmlc 	application/vnd.wap.wmlc
wmls 	text/vnd.wap.wmlscript
wmlsc 	application/vnd.wap.wmlscriptc
wrl 	model/vrml
xbm 	image/x-xbitmap
xht 	application/xhtml+xml
xhtml 	application/xhtml+xml
xls 	application/vnd.ms-excel
xml 	application/xml
xpm 	image/x-xpixmap
xsl 	application/xml
xslt 	application/xslt+xml
xul 	application/vnd.mozilla.xul+xml
xwd 	image/x-xwindowdump
xyz 	chemical/x-xyz
zip 	application/zip

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